Because of its soft soil it is vulnerable to erosion, on average losing 1.8 metres a year. The coast and surrounding communities have had to implement managed retreats. The communities are expected to be even more vulnerable as sea level rise increases alongside climate change.
The above map, dated 1912, shows a feint line to the east of the present seashore. This represents the coastline in Roman times, and each black box in the sea marks a lost village.
The Withernsea line closed to passengers in 1964, despite attempts to cut costs by using diesels and de-staffing stations.