Parallèlement au développement de la Compagnie du Chemin de Fer métropolitain (CMP), une autre concession est attribuée à la Société Berlier-Janicot qui réalise son propre réseau la compagnie du "Nord Sud". Cette compagnie exploitait un tronçon équivalent aujourd'hui aux lignes 12 et 13. Le Nord Sud finira par être absorbée en 1930 par la CMP.
Thursday 31 March 2022
The Nord Sud company's new line was, in part, in competition with CMP line 4 and its stations did have a distinctive style. Walls were tiled, as were station names.
What became Metro Line 12 also began by linking two of Portes of old Paris. In the south west the terminus was Porte de Versailles ...
... which had opened a few years earlier. The line opened in stages from 1910 to 1912.
... caused such a kerfuffle that high buildings were banned in the city.
In 1934 the line was extended two stops to Mairie d'Issy. (click on the graphic for a larger view)
In the north the line originally terminated at Porte de la Chappelle.
Streetview passed by when construction of the station was in full swing ...
pre-opening pictures show something much grander that the usual Metro entrance with wide stairways ...The waterway running across the aerial view is Canal Saint Denis which links into the River Seine at its northern end. It was, and still is, very industrial but, understandably, now in decline.
Tomorrow we begin to look at the other extensions most of which are not yet under construction.
Next Vive La Difference blog : Thurs 31 March
Wednesday 30 March 2022
They do things very differently in France where Paris is a clear indication of a really positive attitude to public transport in general. Currently SIX Metro lines are slated for extensions; ranging from a couple of stops on 4 and 12, through six new stops on line 10 to major extensions of 1, 11 and 14 out into the suburbs.
Then there is a completely new network of orbital suburban lines (15, 16, 17, 18) of which part of 15 is due to open soon.
Of course, as in the UK, policies and funding do change and there can be delays; but by the mid to late 2030s Paris will have four completely new lines and six extensions (maybe more) to existing Metro routes.
How does London compare. Don't laugh.
Which reminds fbb that there is a major extension to RER line E (RER is proper big trains) under construction.
So lets look at some of these projects. fbb will begin with M4 because it is now open.
The line originally ran from Porte de Clignancourt in the north ...
And they were truly "gates" which could be locked and guarded to keep out undesirables and, historically, those that might wish to attack the capital. Nowadays they are ludicrously busy and horrifically scary road junctions.
Below is a plan of the fully open M4.
It was the first line to cross the Seine and construction was unusual. Most of the Metro is "cut and cover"; you dig a gurt big trench, pop the railway in it, then build a roof over the top.
But to cross the river, they built the tunnels above ground and then ...
From 1905 to 2013 the line was unaltered (except early on while they joined the two bits together with the subfluvial tubes and a minor re-jig at Chatelet Les Halles).
Then in 2013 a one stop extension opened to Mairie de Montrouge (Mairie = town hall) ...
Alliant architecture monumentale des années 1930 et modernité d’une infrastructure entièrement rénovée, le Beffroi de Montrouge est le lieu de prédilection pour l’organisation de vos événements professionnels, aux portes de Paris!
It is a centre for "events" and is super swish!
Part of the cemetery grounds were used as a building site for the extension ...
Lucie Samuel (29 June 1912 to 14 March 2007), born Lucie Bernard, and better known as Lucie Aubrac, was a French history teacher and member of the French Resistance during World War II.
Paris is good at naming its stations after people, whether they are relevant to the district or not - see Rosa Parks on RER line E!
There was (and still is!) a lot more activity here ...
But M4 is now in the process of being converted to fully automatic operation. The first sign of this will be the installations of platform doors (artist's impression below).
You cannot do that on London's underground, but you can on Docklands trains!
Tomorrow - next to open, Line M12 extension.
Next Vive La Difference blog : Thurs 31st March