The mysterious Mr Sameboat has made some very interesting changes to the central area of his revised Underground map. The shape of the non-circling Circle line is quite different from normal, becoming a dented diagonal oval.
The "Met" diversion at Watford is shown as proposed ...
A selection of National Rail lines is shown in pastel colours with broad-brush names ...
The full list of specific named lines is shown in a key.
Surely, London should be at least working towards one simple rail network with a simple fares system for all passengers. Whilst Oyster/Contactless make buying tickets easier, especially with the daily "cap", it merely papers over the glueing together of two separate fares systems and the wealth of anomalies that this causes.
Press Once For Fake News?
A couple of days ago, this headline appeared in the Sheffield Press (The Star).
Mary was deeply troubled by the angel's message, and she wondered what his words meant. The angel said to her, “Don't be afraid, Mary; God has been gracious to you."
You will become pregnant and give birth to a son, and you will name him Jesus. He will be great and will be called the Son of the Most High God. The Lord God will make him a king, as his ancestor David was, and he will be the king of the descendants of Jacob forever; his kingdom will never end!”
Mary said to the angel, “I am a virgin. How, then, can this be?”
The angel answered, “The Holy Spirit will come on you, and God's power will rest upon you. For this reason the holy child will be called the Son of God."
But there was one huge problem.
She was already betrothed to Joseph.
In modern Western culture, there is a clear distinction between betrothal/engagement and marriage.
In the cultures of Bible times, the distinction was much less definitive. Betrothal in most eras of Bible history involved two families in a formal contract, and that contract was as binding as marriage itself. Betrothal then was more of a business transaction between two families than a personal, romantic choice. Dowry or bride price agreements were included, so that a broken engagement required repayment of the dowry.
After betrothal, all that remained were three matters: the wedding celebration, the bride’s move into the groom’s house, and the consummation of the marriage.