Tuesday, 23 June 2015

Nicht so gut in Deutschland [1]

ausgewählten Zeitplan nur in der Schweiz
We have, perhaps, gathered that the TNW web site and index only includes routes that are specifically Swiss; hence the mysterious and unidentifiable 6xx routes to France do not appear, neither does a German route 55 which terminates at Basel. But, oddly, there is a "grey" route on the list with a strange four-figure number.
Alert readers may remember that we travelled by boat to Rheinfelden (Rhine Fields) several blogs ago. It has two railway stations, one in Germany and one in Switzerland.
Nothing more clearly (?) illustrates the tortured political history of this area than little Rheinfelden; and, for its present dual identity, we can (as usual) blame Napoleon! The next ex-Wikipedia bit is complex, but it is worth sticking with it, fbb promises.

In 1330, the city-state of Rhinfelden pledged itself to the Habsburgs, becoming a part of Further  Austria . In 1445, insurgents destroyed the castle on the "Inseli", due to the city's allegiance with Basel, part of a tenuous  Switzerland . After a siege lasting several months, Rheinfelden was returned to  Austrian  subjugation in 1449.

During a peasant uprising that lasted from 1612 until 1614, the city was unsuccessfully besieged but devastated. On 15 July 1633,
 Swedish  and   French  troops devastated the city. On 5 February 1638, the city was besieged by Protestant troops under the command of Bernhard of Saxe-Weimar. On 28 February the Battle of Rheinfelden began, as the city was attacked by numerically-superior Imperial and Bavarian troops. The Protestants lost this encounter and moved on.

By the end of the Thirty Years' War, the  Austrians  had built a fortress on the island to secure their southwestern border. In 1678,  French  troops fired at the city. In 1745, during the War of the  Austrian  Succession, the  French  made a fortress on the same ground and also blasted a portion of the city wall. On 17 July 1796 Rheinfelden was again occupied and looted by the  French .

In 1797, the area became a  French  protectorate, forming the front line between the  French  Revolutionary and the  Austrian  troops in the War of the Second Coalition. On 20 February 1802 Rheinfelden was made a district capital of the newly created Canton of Fricktal, joining the  Helvetic  Republic in August, the point at which the city became decisively  Swiss . Since 19 March 1803, Rheinfelden has been the capital of a district of the same name, in the canton of Aargau.

With the beginning of the Reichsdeputationshauptschluss (the  German  Mediatisation), Napoléon Bonaparte reorganised things a bit, redrew the boundaries, with the remaining ( German ) parts of the city becoming Rheinfelden (Baden).

Phew! As DJ Jimmy Young was won't to say, "It's all a bit of a pickle!".

So, arousing our remaining reader from somnolence, we can now reveal that bus 7312, ...
... which you may have forgotten, is a German route providing a town service for Rheinfelden (Germany) but running across the bridge and the border and serving Rhinfelden (Switzerland). Click on the map for a bit more clarity of print!
The service is, of course (!) operated by German State Railways ...
... as Südbadenbus ...

... with pretty six wheelers.

Deusche Bahn has a large network of interurban routes throughout the area ...
... although the only other cross-border candidate is occasional journeys on the 7301 to Basel (map bottom left).

Most 7301s terminate at Lörrach.

Which takes is neatly to our next regional coordinating logo ...
... RVL = Regio Verkehrsverbund Lörrach aka Lorrach Region Transport Network.

Die RVL GmbH und seine Partner

… ist ein Unternehmensverbund mit folgenden Verkehrsunternehmen als Gesellschafter:
SWEG Südwestdeutsche Verkehrs-AG (32%)
SBG Südbadenbus GmbH (32%)
DB Regio AG (22%)
SBB GmbH (10%)
Will, Markgräfler Reisen (1%)
Deiss-Reisen (1%)
Josef Gersbacher GmbH (1%)
Heizmann-Reisen (1%)

… ist eine Managementgesellschaft als Dachorganisation der beteiligten Verkehrsunternehmen.

… ist weder Betreiber (d.h. die Gesellschaft besitzt keine Fahrzeuge und kein Fahrpersonal) noch Besteller von Verkehrsleistungen der Unternehmen.

Managementgesellschaft = Management Society (i.e. company)
Dachorganisation = Roof (i.e. umbrella) organisation
Verkehrsunternehmen = Transport Undertakings (i.e. businesses)

So without a huge knowledge of German ("O" level for fbb in 1959!!!) and an occasion crib from Google Translate we can just about cope.

The list of "Unserer Partner" (our partners) shows two big bus operators (Sudbadenbus as above and SWEG or which more later), Deutsche Bahn Regio local trains, SBB Swiss trains and four small independents. The latter will possibly (?) be school or works bus operators.

Lörrach is the "capital" of the region and thus the base for bus and rail services covered by the co-ordination scheme.

Lörrach is the capital of the district of Lörrach in Baden-Württemberg. The largest industry is the Milka chocolate factory.

Nearby is the castle of Rötteln on the Wiesental ...

... whose lords became the counts of Hachberg and a residence of the Margraves of Baden; this was destroyed by the troops of Louis XIV in 1678, but was partially rebuilt in 1867.

Lörrach received market rights in 1403, but it did not obtain the privileges of a city until 1682.

On September 21, 1848, Gustav Struve attempted to start a revolutionary uprising as part of the German Revolutions of 1848-49. It failed, and Struve was caught and imprisoned. Still, Lörrach was officially the capital of Germany for a day.

The most obvious feature of the RVL web site is its map, which is diagrammatic, ugly and difficult to follow; but we will try ...

... tomorrow.

 Weiter Deutscher Blog : Mittwoch le 24 Juni 

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