During a peasant uprising that lasted from 1612 until 1614, the city was unsuccessfully besieged but devastated. On 15 July 1633, Swedish and French troops devastated the city. On 5 February 1638, the city was besieged by Protestant troops under the command of Bernhard of Saxe-Weimar. On 28 February the Battle of Rheinfelden began, as the city was attacked by numerically-superior Imperial and Bavarian troops. The Protestants lost this encounter and moved on.
By the end of the Thirty Years' War, the Austrians had built a fortress on the island to secure their southwestern border. In 1678, French troops fired at the city. In 1745, during the War of the Austrian Succession, the French made a fortress on the same ground and also blasted a portion of the city wall. On 17 July 1796 Rheinfelden was again occupied and looted by the French .
In 1797, the area became a French protectorate, forming the front line between the French Revolutionary and the Austrian troops in the War of the Second Coalition. On 20 February 1802 Rheinfelden was made a district capital of the newly created Canton of Fricktal, joining the Helvetic Republic in August, the point at which the city became decisively Swiss . Since 19 March 1803, Rheinfelden has been the capital of a district of the same name, in the canton of Aargau.
With the beginning of the Reichsdeputationshauptschluss (the German Mediatisation), Napoléon Bonaparte reorganised things a bit, redrew the boundaries, with the remaining ( German ) parts of the city becoming Rheinfelden (Baden).
Phew! As DJ Jimmy Young was won't to say, "It's all a bit of a pickle!".
So, arousing our remaining reader from somnolence, we can now reveal that bus 7312, ...
... which you may have forgotten, is a German route providing a town service for Rheinfelden (Germany) but running across the bridge and the border and serving Rhinfelden (Switzerland). Click on the map for a bit more clarity of print!
The service is, of course (!) operated by German State Railways ...
... as Südbadenbus ...
... with pretty six wheelers.
Deusche Bahn has a large network of interurban routes throughout the area ...
... although the only other cross-border candidate is occasional journeys on the 7301 to Basel (map bottom left).
Most 7301s terminate at Lörrach.
Which takes is neatly to our next regional coordinating logo ...
... RVL = Regio Verkehrsverbund Lörrach aka Lorrach Region Transport Network.
Die RVL GmbH und seine Partner
… ist ein Unternehmensverbund mit folgenden Verkehrsunternehmen als Gesellschafter:
SWEG Südwestdeutsche Verkehrs-AG (32%)
SBG Südbadenbus GmbH (32%)
DB Regio AG (22%)
SBB GmbH (10%)
Will, Markgräfler Reisen (1%)
Josef Gersbacher GmbH (1%)
… ist eine Managementgesellschaft als Dachorganisation der beteiligten Verkehrsunternehmen.
… ist weder Betreiber (d.h. die Gesellschaft besitzt keine Fahrzeuge und kein Fahrpersonal) noch Besteller von Verkehrsleistungen der Unternehmen.
Managementgesellschaft = Management Society (i.e. company)
Dachorganisation = Roof (i.e. umbrella) organisation
Verkehrsunternehmen = Transport Undertakings (i.e. businesses)
So without a huge knowledge of German ("O" level for fbb in 1959!!!) and an occasion crib from Google Translate we can just about cope.
The list of "Unserer Partner" (our partners) shows two big bus operators (Sudbadenbus as above and SWEG or which more later), Deutsche Bahn Regio local trains, SBB Swiss trains and four small independents. The latter will possibly (?) be school or works bus operators.
Lörrach is the "capital" of the region and thus the base for bus and rail services covered by the co-ordination scheme.
Lörrach is the capital of the district of Lörrach in Baden-Württemberg. The largest industry is the Milka chocolate factory.